Tag Archives: mockito


The past week I have had the pleasure to write a small web based system in python. Being a devout TDD practitioner the first step in learning python was of cause to understand the unittest module. Next thing was to see what mocking frameworks are available. To my delight I found that mockito is available for python as well (here).

The application I'm working on is a web service API to access our application using Cloud to device messaging (c2dm) from Google. To provide the web API I am using the Tornado framework.

As web frameworks goes they are usually tricky to test drive. Not so with Tornado. It ships with it's own testing framework that allows the developer to set up a round trip request/response cycle within a unit test using the tornado.testing module. Given clear module boundaries and mockito to stub out dependencies it's an easy thing to test drive Tornado web application development.

The tornado.testing module comes with a couple of very useful classes. I used AsyncHTTPTestCase to test the RequestHandler classes. To make sure that only failing tests writes to the log I also inherited LogTrapTestCase.

Below is some sample code written to allow device registration with our application server. First is the test in it's entirety and then the implementation.

The tests are in the module c2dm_registration_service_test.py:

The production code is in the module c2dm_registration_service.py:

Added to this one more class in the mondule c2dm.py. So far it is just a stub:

With this knowledge I can't find any excuses not to test drive web development in Python. It is such an easy task and takes no time at all. It is well worth the effort even when creating pilots, which most likely will end up becoming production code in the not to distant future.

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I have been using mock objects for a very long time now. I started back in the day of EasyMock 1.x. This was a great help when removing the extra complexity of an enterprise server and the libraries it used when creating unit tests. And EasyMock has evolved tremendously since then. I followed this development closely using it for several year.

However, about two years back a colleague of mine suggested I try out something new. A mocking framework that tasted as good as a well shaken cocktail. The idea spoke to me. So I decided to try out mockito.

I have never turned back since. Mockito offers a very simple way to create and verify mocks. It is transparent to if I am mocking classes or interfaces. And it provides a readable easy to use API.

I find that I mock away far more boilerplate code in my tests now then I ever used to do with EasyMock. This is since Mockito provides the flexibility to only verify the methods calls that needs to be verified and will not reports errors on methods calls that are not recorded unless told otherwise. This makes it easy to mock away even value objects and data transfer objects when this makes the tests easer to read.

To create a mock object without recoded behaviour three lines of code is required. Annotate the class with @RunWith(MockitoJUnitRunner.class). Create a field for the mock object with an annotation to define that it is a mock:

That's it, it's ready to use. And any call to it will succeed unless specific behaviour is needed.

Mockito also has support for BDD like syntax with the BBDMock class. Since I use given-when-then as a way to create readable tests this is a great help.

The framework is also available for Python, Flex, Javascript, Scala and Perl. The list with links can be found here. How good the frameworks are for those languages I don't know. If you do I would be interested to hear.